The heliocentric view states that the planets (including Earth) revolves around a stationary sun. This view is directly opposed to the Geocentric view which claims that the sun and planets revolve around Earth.
Origins of Heliocentrism
While the exact origins of the heliocentric view is unclear (Aristarchus of Samos developed a heliocentric model as early as approximately 200 B.C.) the revival of this view is credited to Nicolaus Copernicus during the Renaissance. Galileo Galilei made observations that supported heliocentrism in the 16th century and Johannes Kepler later expanded upon this view in the 17th century.
Religious View of Heliocentrism
The Heliocentric view was originally met with strong religious opposition. Scientists such as Galileo Galilei were subject to accusations of heresy and being placed under arrest. The geocentric view was valued above the heliocentric because of its intuitive nature and its support of the ideology that Earth was the center of God's creation. However, after scientific evidence built a compelling argument for heliocentrism, geocentrism was largely discarded.
Heliocentrism is an excellent example of how common beliefs, based on intuition, can be vastly different from the scientific truth which is based on evidence and is often un-intuitive. Religion's constant reliance on intuition for knowledge indicates that divine revelation is non-existent.