Pledge of Allegiance

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Originally written in 1898 by Francis Bellamy, the United States pledge of allegiance currently reads:

"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands: one Nation under God, indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all."

Under God[edit]

In 1954, the words "under God" were added to the pledge. This is often referenced by apologists as evidence that America is a Christian nation.

9th Circuit decision in Newdow v. Elk Ridge[edit]

"To recite the pledge is not to describe the United States; instead it is to swear allegiance to the values for which the flag stands: unity, indivisibility, liberty, justice and -- since 1954 -- monotheism"

External Links[edit]