Science vs. Religion: What Scientists Really Think

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Science vs. Religion: What Scientists Really Think is a book by Elaine Howard Ecklund, It is based on research partly funded by the Templeton Foundation. Many of the results are based on responses from 1,646 faculty members at "elite" US universities.

"The survey was conducted in the spring of 2005, and we began with a random selection of 2,198 tenured and tenure-track faculty in the natural and social sciences who work at 21 different elite U.S. research universities in the disciplines of biology, physics, chemistry, sociology, economics, psychology, and political science. The survey achieved a 75 percent response rate [...][1]"


Table 2.1 Religious Affiliation of Elite Scientists Compared to all Americans [2]
Religious Affiliation Percent of Elite Scientists Percent of U.S. Population
Evangelical Protestant 2 28
Mainline Protestant 14 13
Black Protestant 0.2 8
Catholic 9 27
Jewish 16 2
Other 7 6
None 53 16


Table 2.2 Scientists' Belief in God Compared to the General Public [1]
Which one of the following statements comes closest to expressing what you believe about God? Percent of Scientists Percent of U.S. Population
"I do not believe in God" 34 2
"I do not know if there is a God, and there is no way to find out." 30 4
"I believe in a higher power, but it is not God." 8 10
"I believe on God sometimes." 5 4
"I have some doubts, but I believe in God" 14 17
"I have no doubts about God's existence" 9 63


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