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Theocracy (from greek theos = god, cratos = leadership) is a type of government in which a religion or faith plays a major role, as opposed to a government with separation of church and state. In a theocracy, the higher religious leaders of the state are also the people in charge of that state.

Current states with theocratic elements[edit]

  • Afghanistan
  • Iran
  • Israel
  • Mauritania
  • Pakistan
  • Saudi Arabia
  • The Vatican

Current states with vestigial theocratic aspects[edit]

  • Andorra
  • England
  • Iceland
  • Norway
  • Germany

Religious views that promote a theocratic government[edit]

Some religious views promote theocratic governments (at least when it aligns with their own religious beliefs):

  • Sharia law is generally difficult to integrate with democracy, because it poses as a perfect and comprehensive legal system that insists on the supremacy of Islam. "[...] if elected democratically, radical Islamic parties invariably presume upon themselves forms of power reminiscent of tyrannical kings." A particular obstacle is its opposition to the separation of church and state, which is necessary for governments to transition effectively and fairly. [1]
  • In Christianity, Dominionism seeks to establish a Christian government with law based on the Bible.


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v · d Secularism
Support for separation of church and state   United States Constitution · First Amendment · Free exercise clause · Religious test · Separation of church and state
Attacks against separation of church and state   Proselytizing · Theocracy · In God We Trust · Persecution · Authoritarianism · Fundamentalism · Blue laws · Dominionism · Sharia · Theodemocracy · Blasphemy laws · Blasphemous libel · List of Theocratic political parties
Arguments for theocratic government   America as a Christian nation · Australia as a Christian nation · Canada as a Christian nation